Although the actual inventor of the Bowden Cable is subject to discussion, it is most popularly attributed to Sir Frank Bowden, who found and owned Raleigh Bicycle Company.
The most often used brake cable for bicycles is called the Bowden Cable. This brake cable consists of a hollow cable usually made of plastic and an inner cable made of stainless steel. When the brake lever is pulled, the inner wire is pulled with it and in turn, pulls on the actual brake on the wheel. Separate brake cables are used for each brake lever which connect to their assigned wheel.